The surveillance of work-related injuries and illnesses relies in part on the collection and reporting of injury and disease by employers. On May 12, 2016, Federal OSHA issued a rule requiring certain employers to electronically submit injury and illness data to OSHA; inform employees of their right to report work-related injuries and illnesses free from retaliation; and not deter or discourage employees from reporting. The rule also incorporates existing statutory prohibition on retaliating against employees for reporting work-related injuries or illnesses (see https://www.osha.gov/recordkeeping/finalrule/). This new rule has been challenged by industry groups in Oklahoma and Texas courts, and Federal OSHA has not yet implemented a mechanism for reporting. CSTE has joined with several other groups to file a motion to intervene as defendants in these two cases.
The importance of the new employer reporting requirement and impact on occupational health surveillance in the United States will be discussed.